Kiruna 1970

Kiruna, within the Arctic Circle in Swedish Lapland, became the new launch site for ESRO (ESRANGE, European Sounding rocket RANGE) and it was so cold that a special enclosed Skylark launch tower was erected. The main hazards here (February 1970) were snow, ice and reindeer, large reindeer !!!

Specially designed Skylark launch tower for environmental control in arctic winter

Skylark tower and pine trees

ESRANGE main building in the snow

Accommodation at ESRANGE (previously the builders' store)

Skylark launch

A spent booster

Recovery of a booster