Detector Physics Group

Services To Industry


CCD Group

Cryogenic Detectors Group

MCP Group



Contact information


MSSL homepage

UCL homepage






Cryogenics and Cryogenic Detectors Group

For many years a goal in X-ray detector development has been the realisation of both high energy resolution and high quantum efficiency within the same detector. It has become apparent that to achieve this aim it will be necessary to operate the detectors at very low temperatures, even below 0.1 K (i.e. less than -273 °C). 

MSSL therefore has a research programme in both microcalorimeters and associated space coolers.  One of the main aims is to develop future refrigerators (cryogen-based and cryogen-free) for the utilization of cryogenic detectors in space, including superconducting tunnel junction (STJ) arrays. An Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator (ADR) development programme is a particular focus of this work.

Cryostats at MSSL

Cryostats and mechanical coolers in the MSSL cryogenic laboratory

For more details of the Cryogenic & Cryogenic Detectors Group , please contact:

Dr. Ian Hepburn,   Tel: +44 1483 204101.